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Beagling Terminology 101

by Joe West

Often when talking hounds with Beaglers from around the country I've noticed that we all do not attach the same meaning to a Beagling phrase. There are also many new comers to our sport who are not yet up on our jargon. With that in mind I would like to offer this article titled Beagling Terminology 101. Note: you will see some phrases from brace trials. While this writer does not believe that modern brace hounds are suited for hunting (No offense brother brace trialers) clearly it was the brace trials of yesteryears that shaped and molded the hounds and propelled the Beagle to the lofty position of the most popular dog in America. A position that Beagles no longer enjoy. Anyway while studying Beagle history these terms may be useful. I believe that any dedicated Beagler would enjoy and benefit from studying Beagling history.

Account for: When killed or run to earth, the rabbit is said to be accounted for.

Achilles Tendon: The large tendon attaching the muscle of the calf in the second thigh to the bone below the hock; the hamstring.

Acquired characters: Attributes developed in the body that are of environmental or functional origin, as opposed to those which have their cause in the germ plasm.

AKC: American Kennel Club, beaglings governing body.

All Age: Hounds of any age.

Alleles or Allelomorphs: Alternative forms of the same gene which influence the same developmental process or processes, but in different ways.

All in a heap: Low to the ground, strong of bone, short of body; intensely compact.

Anchor: When a hound reaches a point in the line of scent but cannot continue, so stays put but continues to bark.

Anchored: Unable to move ahead on line.

Anchor Hounds: One that holds pack at checks.

Angulation: The angles of the bony structure at the joints, particularly of the shoulder with the upper are (front angulation), or the angles at the stifle and hock (rear angulation).

ARHA: American Rabbit Hound Association.

Artificial Insemination: The artificial introduction of semen into the genitalia of the female without copulation.

Babbler: A hound that opens when not on the trail.

Back Crossing: To breed the product of an outcross back to some member of the established strain which was outcrossed from.

Back Track: Direction game came from instead of went.

Back Tracking: Following game in reverse direction.

Balance: A nice adjustment of the parts one to another; no part too big or small for the whole organism; symmetry.

Bandy legged: Having convex legs; bowlegged.

Barrel ribs: A rib case so rounded at the sides as to interfere with the action at the elbows.

Bawler or bawl mouth: Hound tonguing with long drawn note.

BAC: Beagle Advisory Committee. Meets annually to recommend rules and trial schedules.

Beagle Bug: Expression used to indicate when anyone has become dedicated to the sport of Beagling.

Beaglers: Those people who enjoy the companionship of Beagles in one form or another.

Beagling: The general term for the sport of enjoying beagles.

Bitch: A female dog.

Bitch-shy: A stud dog who through mishandling has become reluctant to approach a bitch if she is the least bit hostile

Blank: A cover or section of the country is blank or drawn blank when no rabbit is found in it. A day when hounds do not start a rabbit is called blank.

Blanketed: Hound colored with blanket markings.

Blaze: A white line or marking extending from the top of the skull, between the eyes and over the muzzle.

Blooded: When hounds kill their quarry, they are said to have been blooded; the young or inexperienced hunter is blooded by anointing him with rabbit blood at his first kill.

Bloodlines: A term used to signify relationship.

Blue Tick: Hound with small splashes of dark hair on a white background giving a bluish-cast coat.

Bouncer: Hound that jumps to sight game while chasing.

Bouncer: Followers starting or jumping game for hounds.

Brace: Two hounds running together.

Brace mates: Competing hounds in a brace.

Brag Dog: The best hound one owns.

Breeder: Owner or lease of dam at time of service.

Breeding: Inbreeding - Producing from closely related parents. Line breeding - producing from parents having common ancestry. Cross breeding - producing from parents with no common ancestry but different types. Outcrossing - the infusion of new blood in diluted measure in line breed hounds.

Breeze: Exercising hounds just before stake.

Brood Stock: A term used to signify hounds qualified as breeding stock.

Brush: Tail

Buck: Male rabbit or hare.

Burrow: The underground home of rabbits.

Burst: Any fast part of a run, generally the first part.

Burst him: When quarry is killed in a burst, the hounds have burst him.

Bye hound: The odd hound in stake.

CHB: Certified Hunting Beagle title earned in AKC Beagle Gundog Federations for placing in both the field trial and the bench show at the same field trial competition.

CKC: Canadian Kennel Club.

Carry a line: Hounds following scent well are carrying a line.

Catch'em: Judges command signifying they are finished with brace.

Cast: The swing or circle hounds make to recover line.

Challenge: Hound to open first on scent challenges.

Champion: A hound which has won the required points for championship honors. *Show

Change: To leave one line for another. (switching trails)

Character: A distinguishing attribute or property of an organism. (see also trait)

Check: A temporary loss of line. Failure to get scent ahead.

Cheer: Any hunting cry to encourage hounds.

Chopper or Chop Mouth: Hound that tongues in short chopped note.

Circle: Returning game to starting place.

Claim: Declaring line by opening.

Clean Hound: One without faults

Close Hound: Staying on line and at checks closely. One which stays close to the line of scent, particularly under difficult trailing conditions.

Coarse: Voice of poor quality.

Cold (line): The faint scent when minutes or hours old according to scenting conditions. Line of scent difficult to follow because it is old or because of poor trailing conditions.

Cold Trailing: Opening on old scent usually made the previous night or hours earlier. Or, Trailing is difficult.

Condition: State of Physical fitness.

Conditions: Refers to the aspects of territory to be hunted.

Conformation: The way a hound is built.

Cosmetic: Any mark, coloring or conformity which has no vital use; purely for looks.

Couple: Refers to two hounds; as "a brace" in a brace trial, or in counting the size of a pack of hounds. For example five and one half couple, meaning eleven hounds.

Coupled: When a male and female are "tied" in the act of copulating; in formal pack hunting when two hounds are tied together with a coupler for training or exercising.

Couples: Swivel-snap fasteners coupling hounds together.

Course: To chase by sight and not by scent.

Course: Territory trial hounds are hunted over.

Covert (Cover): A wood, thicket, or place sheltering game.

Crash: When the pack gives tongue together after starting game.

Cry (Voice, Tongue): The note a hound throws when trailing or running scent. Different from the bark of common dogs, and varies materially at different phases of the chase.

Cull: Process of eliminating the less desirable hounds; also, those eliminated.

Cut and Slash: Swinging and Swaying, Weaving across line, skirting, over running, thus making unnecessary checks.

Dam: The mother of a dog.

Den: The home of game, usually hollow trees, logs or burrows.

Den Bark: The peculiar cry of hounds when game is run to earth.

Derby: A beagle is a Derby throughout the calendar year, Jan. 1 through Dec. 31, if it was whelped not later than June 30 of the previous year and not earlier than July 1 of the year before that, except that in trials held in Large Packs on hare a beagle shall be a Derby if it has not reached its second birthday on the first day of the trial.

Desire: To try and try.

Determination: To keep on trying.

Dewclaw: The false toe and claw on the legs.

Died: The hounds have died on the line when at a loss.

Diploid: The double number of chromosomes in all cells except the functional spermatozoa and ova.

Discarding: Getting rid of any hound not wanted.

Doe: Female rabbit or hare.

Dog: Used when speaking of a hound in a derogatory manner, but always in italics.

Dog: The male of the canine species.

Dominant: Used to describe the type of gene which determines the outcome of a mating, as opposed to recessive, when a gene has no influence on a given individual animal. (see recessive)

Double: When game turns back and runs over its first course.

Double: When a hunter shoots at one rabbit or hare and bags two animals with a single shot.

Down: The command given when you want your hound to stop and stay in a crouching position.

Draft: To dispose of hounds from a pack or kennel.

Drag: An artificial line laid for hounds.

Drag Hounds: Hounds used to hunt artificial scent.

Drag of the race: The tendency within purebred varieties, when artificial selection is not employed, to revert to the norm of the species.

Draw: To search a designated cover.

Drawing: Selection of hounds to run together in a field trial.

Drifter: Aimless casting at checks without method.

Driving: Fast running on scent.

Dropped: Hounds eliminated from any series.

Dual Champion: The title for a Beagle with championships in both show and field trials. ( AKC only - no dual champion Beagles for over forty years.)

Dwelling: The unnecessary lingering of hounds on scent.

Earth: The burrow appropriated by rabbits for safety.

Enter: Young hounds first put in a pack afield have been entered.

Entry: At field trials. Hounds entered in a class.

Estrus: Period of female sexual excitability, at some point of which she will willingly accept the male for breeding.

Exhibition: Any show or trial in which Beagles are exhibited in competition with each other, in an organized manner.

Experts: Those Beaglers who have had enough all-around experience with Beagles to qualify as advisors.

Faddist: A Beagler who follows the lead of others who wish to change the traditional style or characteristics of a beagle.

Family Tree: A pedigree which gives ALL ancestors, as opposed to the "straight line" pedigree which gives only one member from each litter.

Fault: Poor technique, or poor conformation.

Faulty: A hound which exhibits poor technique is said to be Faulty. A hound with poor conformation is said to have faulty conformation.

FC: Abbreviation for a Field Champion in the American Kennel Club (AKC).

Feathering: Moving the stern from side to side with liveliness, indicating the hound has found interesting scent, but not in sufficient quantity to speak to it.

Fertilize: The Combination of the male germ cell with the female egg which must occur to form the fetus which grows into a puppy.

Foetus or Fetus: The unborn puppy, especially in the later stages of its development. The embryo.

Field: Those, other than master and hunt staff, who follow the hounds. Spectators at trials.

Find: When hounds first smell scent of quarry, and open on it, they have made a find.

Finished: Gained Championship.

Flag: White part of beagles tail.

Flier: Fast, hard running hound.

Flighty: Uncertain, changeable; applies to both scent and hounds.

Foiled: When the ground has been much traversed by cattle, sheep, horses, people, hounds, etc., it is said to be foiled or fouled.

Foot: A term designating speed.

Form: A rabbits seat or bed. Squat.

Formal Pack: Refers to a manner of hunting when the traditional Master of Hounds, Huntsman, two or more whippers-in manage the pack of hounds.

Foundation: Refers to the bloodlines of the male and female which were chosen to be bred as the beggining of a strain of hounds.

Fresh Trail: One made recently.

FTC: Abbreviation for a Field Trial Champion in the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

Full Cry: The chorus of music from the pack. Hounds generally give their best cry at full speed.

Fully Broke: Refers to a mature, well trained hound.

Futurity: Hounds nominated for special stake, usually the year following derby age.

Gallery: Field trial spectators.

Gap: Break or place omitted in trailing or driving line. Break in line of scent.

Gene: Entity by which singular hereditary characteristics are transmitted.

Genetic-mixup: When the genetic plan for an individual being does not go as expected and results in a deformity or other unacceptable characteristic.

Genetics: The branch of biology which deals with heredity, variation, sex determination, and related phenomena.

Genotype: The hereditary makeup of an individual as distinguished from the expression or manifestation of the genes. ( see Phenotype)

Ghost Runner: Hound running imaginary line without scent.

Giving Tongue: Hounds voice, cry or note when running line. Speak to the line, open on a line of scent. Term used to describe hounds use of voice when running on trail.

Gone Away: When the rabbit is found and the pack goes away at a fast rate.

Gone In: Gone to hole.

Gone to ground: When the rabbit has gone into an underground shelter.

Gyp: A term that means the same as bitch (a female dog). Also spelled "Jip".

Hackles: The hairs along the neck and backbone of a hound. Apparent when the hound is aroused by fear or anger.

Handle: To manage or control. The general term used to describe training, or the supervision of one or more hounds at some type of exhibition.

Handler: Person in charge of a hound.

Haphazard: Lacking in systematic, planned breeding and/or training.

Haploid: The number of chromosomes in spermatozoa and ova after meiosis; one half of the diploid number.

Hare Hounds: Hounds used and bred primarily for running hare.

Hare Stakes: Class for packs: Usually all hounds compete together.

Hark: Command for hounds to join a speaking hound. Listen, as one hound listening to determine if one hound that has opened has a strong line of scent. Also the act of one hound going to another to honor its find.

Hark Forward: A Huntsman's cheer to encourage his hounds to work forward.

Harking In: Joining hound declaring line.

Headed: When the rabbit is turned back.

Heads Up: When hounds searching for scent raise their heads from the ground.

Heat: The contest between a brace. Also the term used to describe the estrus period.

Heavy Voice: Voice that is loud and carries well.

Heeler: Hound following at heel - poor searcher.

H&H: Hounds and Hunting.

Height: Measurement from top of hounds shoulder blade to ground.

Hereditary: Any trait or charactoristic which can be passed from one generation to the another, even though it may skip a generation.

Heritage: All charactoristics inherited from all ancestors on both sides of the family, starting with sire and dam.

Heterosis (Hybrid Vigor): The superiority over either or both parents of the progeny resulting from the crossing of strains, varieties, breeds or species.

Heterozygous: Not true or pure breeding for a given factor. Containing two different allels of the same gene. A heterozygote produces two kinds of germ cells with respect to the gene in question.

High Hound: One scored highest by judges - first hound called in second series.

Hit Off: To recover the line of scent at a check.

Hoick (Yoick): A Cheer to hounds.

Hold Hard: A warning to to followers to stop and not press hounds closely.

Hole: Termination of a heat where rabbit has gone to earth.

Homozygous: Pure or true breeding for a given character. Having the gene for the character in duplicate, a homzygote produces only one kind of germ cell with respect to that gene.

Honed: Workout for hounds before stake.

Honest: A hound without faults is called honest.

Honey Hole: top-notch rabbit hunting spot.

Honor a line: Tonguing the line of a known quarry, usually verifying a packmate's note.

Hunting sense: Style or method shown in searching and trailing.

Hybrid: (1) The offspring of two or more parents of unlike genetic makeup. (2) A hetrozygote for one or more genes.

IBF: International Beagle Federation.

Ignorance: Lack of knowledge on some subject.

Imp.: Imported Hound

Impotence: The inability to perform the sexual act.

Impregnate: To cause a bitch to become pregnant by natural or artificial means.

Inbreeding: The mating together of closely related animals.

Incomplete dominance: In an organism which is heterozygous in respect to any allelic pair, there is a failure of either gene to obscure the potential of the other; also called partial dominance.

IFC: American and Canadian Field Champion.

In-kind: To reproduce puppies with a very high percentage of characteristics the same as their parent. In the case of a strain the progeny should be like both parents.

Insemination: The introduction of the male semen into the female vagina, by natural or artificial means.

Intermediate: Any ancestor coming between any other ancestors.

Intractible: Not easily managed; Hard-headed.

In Whelp: Pregnant. (said of the bitch)

Jip: A term that means the same as bitch (a female dog). Also spelled "Gyp".

Jump-about breeding: The opposite of breeding to develop a strain. Breeding to what ever is handy; breeding on the strength of some individual hounds accomplishments, regardless of its background. No regard for similar family traits when selecting breeding stock.

Jumped: When hounds working a line slowly, suddenly make away at full speed, the game is said to have been jumped.

Jump Hound or Jump Dog: Any hound with an unusually strong ability to find and jump rabbits.

Jumping: An expression for starting rabbits.

Keepers: Any stock thought to be worth keeping.

Kennel: Where hounds are kept. The housing place of the pack.

Kennel Blind: Unable to see the faults in one's own hounds. Unable to see the merits in the hounds of others.

Kill: Game caught by hounds.

Kind: The same sort, alike. Or gentle by nature.

Late Starter: Any hound which is slower to get "started", but eventually becomes a good to excellent hunting hound.

Lay on: Start hounds on scent.

Lead Dog: The hound in front of a running pack. Sometimes used to describe someone's best hound.

Licensed Trial: Licensed by AKC to give championship points.

Lift: To take hounds from lost or faint scent to try the line further on.

Light Hound: One whose voice is not as loud as the average hound; also, hound physically lacking in bone structure.

Line: The track or trail of the quarry indicated by its scent. Also, similarity of characteristics.

Line Breeding: The mating together of animals somewhat related, but less closely related than in inbreeding. Fundamentally the same as inbreeding except using more distantly related animals.

Line Stealer: Hound which runs from check until he is well ahead of packmates before giving tongue.

Line Straddler: A hound which sticks close to the line.

Linkage: The tendency for two or more characters to be transmitted together, because the genes are located in the same chromosome.

Looper: Hound making looping casts or swings.

Loss: When hounds cannot move on the line they are at a loss.

LP: Large Pack type field trial run on hare or rabbit.

LPH: Large Pack on Hare. A class of hounds run on hare according to AKC rules.

Machine Gun: Fast chopping voice.

Marked Line: Place on trail where game is sighted.

Make Up: Refers to the entire hound, all physical and mental charactoristics.

Man-shy: Any hound afraid of, or hostile towards people. Often being normal towards some one or two people they know vary well.

Marking Hole: Term used to describe hounds digging and/or barking where rabbit went to ground.

Marshal: Officials who carry out judges and field trial committees orders at trials.

Mask: The rabbits head.

Matron: Female beagle which has delivered puppies. Also spoken of as Brood Matron.

Measured: Indication that hound has been passed on by measuring committee.

Mendelism: The Theory embodied in the first and second laws of Mendal which establishes that characters are inherited as entities and independently one from another due to segregation and the independent assortment of the genes.

Meet: The gathering place for a hunt.

Member Club: Club that has taken membership in the AKC.

Mount: When the male rears up into position to breed the female.

Mouthy: Tonguing unnecessarily off line. Noisy

Mouthing: Tonguing on scent.

Mute: A hound following the line silently.

Mute Runner: A hound that runs but does not open on a line of scent.

NABR: North American Beagle Registry.

Neuter: To spay or castrate.

Nick: A term used to describe the result of a mating in which the best traits of each side of the family come out as dominant.

Noisy (or loud): Tonguing superfluously or when not making headway. Mouthy.

Nose: Scenting Ability.

Oestrus: Heat; breeding "season"

Off Game: Any wild thing not considered legitimate game for beagles.

Open: Speaking on line. Giving tongue. Term used to describe hounds first indicating by use of his voice that he has scented rabbit on new line.

Opens: When the hound speaks to the line of scent. Barks.

Open Marked: Spotted, irregular coloring, white predominating.

Origins: The ancestry of any hound.

Outbreeding: The mating together of unrelated animals.

Out-cross: To breed a male and female from different strains or from different types such as field trial to show or show to hunting etc., but always within the beagle breed.

Out-side breeding: Using bloodlines not consistent with the characteristics you desire in your hounds.

Over handling: Simply not letting a young hound have time to learn from experience, or interfering with any hound when it is obviously working with a purpose in mind.

Over shot mouth: When the incisor teeth do not line up properly, because the upper teeth extend too far beyond the lower ones. The opposite would be Under shot mouth.

Overrun: When the hounds do not check or stop when they no longer scent the line they have overrun. Run beyond check or beyond pont where scent is discernible.

Ovum (plova): The functional reproductive cell produced by the female; an egg.

Pack: Three or more hounds hunted together.

Pack Sense: Term used to describe ability of hounds to run well together.

Pedigree: A record of ancestry or line of descent.

Perspective: bases for interpretation. Study of a hounds ancestry.

Phenotype: The appearance and/or performance of an individual, the outcome of the interaction between its genotype and its environment.

Picker: Hound which follows trail slowly and methodically.

Polyhybrid: The progeny from parents which differed in several or many Mendelian characters.

Potential: The inherent ability of any individual beagle, needing only time and exposure to rabbits, plus proper handling to develop.

Pottering, Potterer, Pottering hound: One which dwells on scent without making progress.

Prefix: The kennel name used in registering beagles.

Prepotent: Said of a hound with an unusually strong tendency to pass its characteristics on to its offspring. Probably due to many dominant allels.

Pure Dominant: See homozygous

Push: Crowding game by staying close up to it.

Puss: English expression for hare.

Put Down: Hounded to death. Also expression used to describe the releasing of hounds for hunting at a field trial. also Euthanasia.

Put in: Put to hole.

Quarry: The hunted animal

Quiet: Insufficient tongue on line.

Quiet Hound: One which does not give sufficient tongue on line; well behaved.

Rabbit Dawg: A mature Beagle, good to excellent at his job of hunting rabbits.

Rabbit earth: A burrow in which game goes for shelter.

Racing: Hounds trying to lead by foot work instead of nose work.

Range: Scope of searching.

Rate: To chastise hounds by whip or word.

Reach: Leaving check too far or omitting part of line. Also casting out farther from check area when no scent is found close.

Ready: A term used to indicate when a bitch is ready to breed.

Re-cast: Fresh start in pack stake.

Recessive: A gene which is inherited but has no influence on the building plan of that individual.

Recording fee: AKC charge for licensed field or show entry.

Reject: To discard a hound: a hound which has been discarded.

Reproduce: To produce more of the same through breeding. Sire or deliver puppies; usually refers to the ability to reproduce in kind, or a reasonable likeness.

Reserve: An award following last place.

Reversion: The reappearance of ancestral traits not found in the more immediate several generations of ancestors; "throwing back"; atavism.

Riot: When hounds run anything but legitimate quarry.

Roach back: An arch backed hound.

Rough: A hound overly competitive by over running, swinging, leaving gaps is termed rough.

Routing: Starting or jumping game.

Run: The chase of the rabbit from start to finish.

Run in: Getting a hound in with running hound.

Running Gear: Feet and legs, with required muscles etc. to operate properly.

Running Heel: Back tracking.

Run Out: When a hound fails to stay with packmates.

Run out of rabbit: To lose line of scent.

Run too much rabbit: An expression used by brace trial people to indicate a hound which was too fast for their use.

Saddle: Colored markings like saddle from shoulders almost to hounds stern.

Sanctioned trial: Approved stake by AKC without championship points.

Scoring: Standing awarded by judges at trials. Also when the whole pack opens on a scent the hounds are said to be scoring.

Scut: Tail of a hare.

Secondary sexual characters: Attributes which are normally limited to a single sex, but which have no primary part in reproduction. Example a mans beard.

Second series: Judges selections after running of all starters in the first series at trials. Second series hounds are best performers selected after first series.

Selective breeding: Always being vary careful about selecting individuals to be bred to each other, in order to maintain quality.

Set: Refers to a characteristic that can be relied upon to be dominant, at least 85% of the time.

Settle: When a find is made by one or more hounds and others coming from different directions join in on the line the pack is said to settle.

Sex-limited trait: A trait (usually a secondary sex trait) which manifest itself in one sex and is either absent or greatly reduced in the other. Sex limited genes are in the autosomes, not in the sex chromosomes.

Sex-linked trait: A trait for which the deternminer is on the sex chromosomes; specifically, a trait carried by a gene or genes in the non-homologous portion of the X chromosome. Traits carried in the homologous portion of the X and Y chromosomes are said to be incompletely sex-linked.

Show: An organized gathering where hounds are judged on conformation.

Show Hound: A hound which has been bred specifically for dog shows.

Show Ring: Arena where show hounds are exhibited.

Sibling: Two or more progeny of the same parents irrespective of sex or time of birth.

Sight Chase: Running game by sight instead of by scent.

Single line pedigree: A document that shows the ancestors of an individual hound, but showing only one member from each side of the family.

Sinking: descriptive of nearly beaten game.

Sire: The father of a hound.

Skirter: A hound jealously running wide of the pack.

Slash: see cut and slash.

Slasher: A hound that runs too fast to stay on line.

Sound: Refers to a hound that is healthy and has no deformities to cause lameness.

Speak: To cry or open when on scent.

Specialist: refers to a hound which is vary good at one portion of his field duties but is poor at other portions of them.

Split: Hounds dividing on different lines.

Sport: An individual hound who is remarkably different from its family, but breeds true to its own characteristics, not its family.

Squaller or Squall Mouth: Hound with a lighter, faster, crying bawl note.

Squat: Ground form or lair of rabbit; or rabbit in hiding.

Stake: Field trial class.

Stamina: Enduring strength.

Stand or stands: Usually refers when a bitch will be receptive to a stallion hound or "stands" for the mating with no problems. Also can mean to "set up" a hound for showing or picture taking.

Standard: A metal gauge to measure a hounds height.

Standard: A description of the ideal hound; approved by the AKC. It is by comparison with the terms of the breed standard that a hound is judged.

Start: To find or strike game.

Started: Meaning that a young hound knows what a rabbit is and can give a fair accounting in the field.

Starters: Hounds actually competing after entry.

Stern: The tail of a hound.

Straight way of going: When the hound moves forward in a straight line without swinging its legs in an arc. Refers to proper hound movement.

Strain: A more or less numerous family of hounds, the members of which are more or less interrelated one to another and which exhibit a uniformity of type which distinguishes them from members of other strains.

Stranger Shy: A hound who is very friendly with people he knows well, but shy around strangers.

Streaming: Going across open country at full pace and cry.

Strike: To find and start game.

Strike hounds: Those which find game readily.

Stud or Stallion: male member of a mated pair.

Submerge: refers to breeding selectively until a dominant trait becomes recessive in a strain of hounds.

Swing: Cast about in an attempt to recover the line of scent at a check.

Tail Hounds: Those at rear of the pack.

Tallyho or Tally Ho: The cheer announcing that a rabbit or hare is sighted.

Tight mouthed: Lack of sufficient tongue on the line.

Tongue: see cry.

Teenager: Refers to a young hound from just started to around 18 months of age.

Trash: Any wild thing not considered legitimate game for Beagles.

Trash-proof: A Beagle than will only track and tongue after its intended game: rabbit and hare.

Throw: To deliver, as in "throws traits or characteristics consistent with its breeding or family.

Throw-Back: An individual hound who resembles its distant ancestors more than its recent ones.

Tie: Term used to signify that the male has successfully penetrated the female and that the "knot" has formed on his penis behind her pelvic bone, to "tie" them together for a full delivery of male sperm.

Trait: A distinguishing attribute or property of an organism.

Tree Bark: Tonguing when game is treed.

Treed: Putting game in a hollow tree.

Trials: A gathering where hounds are run against each other and judged by rules.

Turned: When game changes direction, usually from interference, it has been turned.

Type: An imaginary model to guide on when selecting breeding stock or describing the same.

UBGF: United Beagle Gundog Federation of the AKC.

UKC: United Kennel Club.

Unsex: To spay or castrate.

Up: jumped game is up and running.

Viewed away: When the quarry is seen to go away.

Voice: Seem cry

Wailing Voice: Crying drawn note, lighter or higher, finer than a bawl or squall.

Walkie-Talkie: A hound that is vary slow but barks a lot. Typical of brace type hounds.

Weaving: Working back and forth, from side to side, on line.

Well Started: Description of a hound that has had enough experience on game to enjoy hunting with, but needs more experience to reach its peak as a first class hound.

Whelp: The act of a Beagle giving birth; a vary young puppy.

Whelped: Term for born.

Whipper-in: Huntsman's assistant in hunting pack.

Whipping Line: Running back and forth across line instead of following straight.

Wide: Hound running over at turns and checks is said to be running wide.

Wild: Wide, unmanageable; disobedient hound.

Wind Splitter: A fast and furious driving hound. Usually not vary faithful to the line of scent and over runs a lot.

Workable: A line of scent that hounds are able to make progress on is said to be workable.

Working a line: Following a scent.

Worried: Torn to bits by hounds.

Yoick: An old hunting cry.

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